Flies are a common pest around the world – with more than 120,000 kinds of flies found globally, and 18,000 of those found throughout North America. Although flies have short lifespans, they are able to quickly
reproduce in large numbers and are also capable of spreading various dangerous diseases, including malaria, salmonella and tuberculosis.

Where do flies come from?

Flies typically hatch outside and then make their way into our homes through structural weak spots, such as damaged weather stripping or torn screens covering windows and doors. Around the home, flies can lay their eggs in garbage cans, compost piles, excrement, and rotting organic material. Female flies can lay between 75 to 150 eggs at a time, which if compressed together only adds up to roughly the size of a pea, making them extremely difficult to identify.

Houseflies are widespread because they reproduce quickly and in large numbers. At times, they have been known to move up to 20 miles from where they were hatched, but they usually stay within one mile of their birthplace. Fruit flies, another common fly type, are usually found within the home because of their attraction to food waste like overripe or rotten produce. They typically enter the house as hitchhikers on produce and other food brought in from the outside. Horse flies are not commonly found inside and do not feed indoors, but sometimes enter homes by accident through open windows and doors.

Habits:
Depending on conditions, it can sometimes take as little as six days for a house fly to develop from egg to adult. Similar to various other pests, the house fly experiences a four-phase life cycle, which begins when a fertilized female house fly finds a suitable location to lay her eggs, oftentimes on feces, rotting meat and food or garbage. Female house flies usually only mate once but are capable of producing between 350-900 eggs in their lifetime. Their larvae, known as maggots, are pale-whitish. These legless larvae feed at the egg-laying site for three to five days. At the conclusion of this period, maggots seek out a dark, dry and cool environment to develop in. Over the course of three to six days, the pupae develop legs and wings, and grow into fully-grown adult house flies. After two to three days, the adult female house flies are fully ready and able to reproduce, restarting the life cycle. Adult house flies typically live 15-25 days.

Since house flies don’t have teeth, they can only feed on liquids. However, they use their sponging mouthparts to liquefy many solid foods through spitting or regurgitation. Their tongues are shaped like straws to suck up the food. House flies feed on a wide variety of substances such as human food, animal carcasses and garbage. They are particularly attracted to pet waste because of its potent odor.

Threats:
Although house flies do not bite, they are capable of transferring more than 100 different pathogens, including salmonellosis, typhoid and tuberculosis. This kind of fly can contaminate food surfaces by spreading disease organisms picked up on their legs and mouths when feeding on trash, feces and other decaying substances. They also defecate constantly, which further spreads bacteria.

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Inspect

All Pest Management will inspect the premises and access the problem
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Kill

Our team will use safe methods to terminate any flie infestation
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Protect

Our treatments also incude preventative maintenance
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Maintain

Our approach allows you to maintain a pest free home

Fly Prevention

The best method for preventing flies in the home is through vigilant sanitation, including removing trash daily, ensuring all counter surfaces are kept clean, checking that all windows and screens are properly screened, and any decaying food matter is properly disposed of. If you have animals, stay on top of waste removal by emptying litter boxes and picking up around the yard for dog waste.

If a fly infestation is suspected, it’s important to contact a licensed pest control professional to conduct an inspection, specifically looking for any places where fly eggs may have been deposited. Once the breeding site is eliminated, the pest professional will develop a house fly treatment plan based on the circumstances of the infestation.

 

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